Web Design A-Z

The history of web design is 30 years long, and during that period, the industry of web design has changed, developed, and flourished according to the requirements of the market. By its original definition, web design refers to the appearance, content, and layout of your website. The colours, themes, fonts, and images you use determine the overall appearance of your website. Layout stands for the way information is structured, categorized, and presented to visitors.  In the scope of the 21st century, web design is not only about the image and presence on the Internet,  it also includes interaction with your visitors, SEO optimization, as well as the feature to adapt to various screens on smartphones, tablets, laptops, and many more. Let’s begin a journey on the invention of web design and its progress throughout the years.

The beginnings

The first website was designed for the needs of CERN – European Centre of Nuclear Research, in 1991.  Its creator, Tim Berners-Lee, invented HTML – HyperText Markup Language, by which he coded the CERN website. HTML functions by arranging data into tables, that is to say, rows and columns, which are used to set up the very basics of web design. Then, in 1993, ALIWEB (Archie Like Indexing for Web) became the first search engine on the World Wide Web, and it included several new options, the main of which is color. The way it used to function was organizing links into categories like computing, entertainment, living, money, shopping, and others. With the help of a yellow background, the categories were separated by colour, which enhanced searchers to find the information they were looking for. Then there came landing pages, attracting users to ‘sign up’ and ‘click here now, as well as the first web banner on Hotwire. 

The rapid growth of web development

This period refers to the years 1995-2000, and they were firstly marked by the creation of JavaScript, the first programming language. It added a certain amount of interactive features to websites and put static websites into motion. Also, the second version of HTML called HTML 2.0 was launched which supported more features than the first version – graphics, forms, more complex tables, and many more. With the creation of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), it added colour, typography, and layout to HTML. A complete turn of events in the web design world happened when Flash presented the shapes and animations which could be added to sites. This period ended with the invention of Google, the biggest search engine which is nowadays used worldwide. 

The web design that we know

The beginning of the new millennium marked the concept of websites that were not designed only for desktop computers, but also for mobile devices and tablets. The interests in web designing were greater and they spread to the business requirements, the exchange of information, as well as blogging. The concept of blogging websites with timelines urged the creation of social media websites like MySpace and Facebook, where people can connect and interact. Additionally, the trends made a shift from rich design to minimalistic, clean, 2-D colours design.